The natural ability to have offspring is considered as fertility. Many couples would have difficulty in conceiving or face the problem of infertility. There could be varied conditions that will lead to infertility, and it differs for each individual.
Notice the signs
Irregular periods - normally, the menstrual cycle is 28 days long. As long as the cycles are consistent, it can be considered normal and regular periods. If at all a woman experience a varied change in connection with the cycle, then she might have irregular periods. This could be related to certain hormonal issues or PCOD, and both of them would cause infertility.
Heavy or painful periods - this could cause severe pain and lead to cramps. This could also be a sign of fibroids in the uterus or endometriosis, which is a risk factor for infertility.
No periods - at times, stress, climate change, food habits, and heavy workouts might make periods disappear temporarily. However, if periods get skipped for months, then, it is not a good sign; hence, checkup would be recommended.
Pain during sex - some women experience pain during intercourse, and it is not a good sign. This could be due to pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis.
Hormone fluctuations - certain skin issues, reduced sex drive, facial hair growth, thinning of hair, and gaining weight can be due to hormonal changes.
Vaginal soreness or irritation - at times, a vaginal infection could cause soreness and itchiness, and this, if left untreated, would cause other issues and finally infertility.
Causes of infertility in female
Damage in fallopian tubes - some of the pelvic inflammatory infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea can cause a blockage in the fallopian tubes. Previous surgeries for pelvic problems that involve fallopian tubes might also cause infertility.
Age - it is challenging to conceive at an older age as the ability to conceive reduces. The quality and quantity of eggs would start diminishing around the 30s. The chance of miscarriage is higher as the women grow older.
Endometriosis – A condition where the inner lining of the uterus grows in other areas such as the fallopian tubes, ovaries, small or large intestine, and the walls of the abdominal cavity and pelvis. This growth and its surgical removal would cause scarring and prevent fertilization.
Cervical issues - a narrowed cervix or the lack of cervical mucus would make it difficult for the sperm to travel through the cervical canal into the uterus.
Unexplained infertility - At times, doctors will be unable to find the reasons for infertility. And this occurs for 10% - 20% of couples.
Female infertility can be treated with a few medications, laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, and IVF. At Kare Centre, expert doctors can identify and tackle the problem providing happy news.
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Blog reviewed by: DR. KRISHNAN KUTTY
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